Root canal therapy

What is an Root Canal Treatment?

Root Canal Treatment (Also called Endodontics) is needed when the blood or nerve supply of the tooth (known as the pulp) is infected through decay or injury. You may not feel any pain in the early stages of the infection. In some cases, your tooth could darken in colour which may mean that the nerve of the tooth has died ( or is dying). This would need root canal treatment.

Why is Root Canal Treatment needed?

Each tooth has soft tissue in a space that is present in the centre which is called – The Pulp. The pulp supplies nutrients and nerves to the tooth. It extends upto the root tip. If the pulp becomes infected, the infection may spread through the root canal system of the tooth. If it is not removed,it may eventually lead to abscess. An abscess is an inflamed area in which pus collects and can cause swelling of the tissues around the tooth. If Root Canal Treatment (RCT) is not carried out, the infection will spread and the which leads to tooth loss.

Treatment Procedure:

  • »  An opening is made through the crown of the tooth into the pulp chamber
  • » Then the pulp is then removed. The root canal(s) is cleaned and shaped to a form that can be filled.
  • » Medications may be put in the pulp chamber and root canal(s) to help get rid of germs and prevent infection.
  • » A temporary filling will be placed in the crown opening to protect the tooth between dental visits. Your dentist may leave the tooth open for a few days to drain. You might also be given medicine to help control infection that may have spread beyond the tooth.
  • » The temporary filling is removed and the pulp chamber and root canal(s) are cleaned and filled.
  • » In the final step, a gold or porcelain crown is usually placed over the tooth to make it stronger.